Probabilistic Settlement Finality in Proof-of-Work Blockchains: Legal Considerations

The concept of settlement finality sits at the heart of any type of commercial transaction; whether the transaction is in physical or electronic form or is mediated by fiat currencies or cryptocurrencies. Transaction finality refers to the exact moment in time when proprietary interests in the object or medium of transaction pass from one party to his counterparty and the obligations of the parties to a transaction are discharged in an unconditional and irrevocable manner, i.e., in a way that cannot be reversed even by the subsequent legal defenses or actions against the counterparty.

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