Alternative Coins & Systems

Crowd Funding and ICOs

The following are some notes on ICOs (all are securities) that can act as a set of things to consider.

Expectation of Profits
By Craig Wright | 20 Dec 2018 | Alternative Coins & Systems, Economics

The US Howey case used the Expectation of Profit as an element in International Brotherhood of Teamsters vs Daniel. Daniel

True Sale and Insolvency Challenges in ICO Token Sales
By Craig Wright | 31 Oct 2018 | Alternative Coins & Systems, Economics, Law & Regulation

In the English law, “true sale” incorporates the securitisation structures around existing receivables in two forms. We first have to

The scams in Crypto

I will discuss the current state of play in ICOs. In my posts, I will demonstrate categorically that no token

Myths of permission-less

In the world of Bitcoin there are many false narratives and myths. This started with the myth of decentralisation. In

Taxing Bitcoin — Introduction.

Bitcoin is money, but it is also a ledger, a commodity and a token. It is all these things and

Managing Blockchain Automata

This umbrella document describes a distributed platform open to public participation for managing the automation of tasks that interfaces with

DFA compilation and execution

We present an analysis of the establishment and execution of contractual agreements embodied as deterministic finite automata (DFA). The contract

A codification scheme for state machines
By Craig Wright | 16 Oct 2018 | Alternative Coins & Systems, Economics, Math

We define a codification scheme for the states of deterministic finite automaton (DFA) [1]. Contrary to usual practice, the codification

Symmetric Fair Exchange Protocol

Background In a fair exchange protocol two parties either both honour an exchange (such as a contract), or neither of

By Craig Wright | 08 Oct 2018 | Alternative Coins & Systems, Bitcoin & Blockchain Tech

Honestly I find it difficult to understand why people do not get the idea of why errors and low-quality software

Trust in Smart Contracts
By Craig Wright | 07 Oct 2018 | Alternative Coins & Systems, Bitcoin & Blockchain Tech

Both electronic and paper documents are subject to tampering. The discovery of collisions has demonstrated that the process of signing

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